/ 08. 02. 2006 / GB
TRANSLATION : Mrs C. Seidler, revised by Mrs Sporre-Willes and R. Triquet.
ORIGIN : Germany.
PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 13.03.2001.
Companion, Guard and Working Dog.
Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds- Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs
and other breeds.
2.1 Molossoid breeds,
With working trial.
HISTORICAL SUMMARY : The small, so called Brabant
Bullenbeisser is regarded as the immediate ancestor of the Boxer.
In the past, the breeding of these Bullenbeissers was in the hands of the
huntsmen, whom they assisted during the chase.
Their task was to seize the game put up by chasing hounds and hold it
firmly until the huntsman arrived and put an end to the prey.
For this job the dog had to have as wide jaws as possible with broadly
spaced teeth, in order to bite firmly and hold on tightly.
A Bullenbeisser which had these characteristics was best suited to this
job and was used for breeding. Previously
only the ability to work and utilization were considered. Selective breeding was carried out which produced a dog with
a wide muzzle and an upturned nose.
APPEARANCE : The Boxer is a medium
sized, smooth coated, sturdy dog of compact square build and strong bone.
His muscles are taut, strongly developed and moulded in appearance.
His movement is lively, powerful with noble bearing.
The Boxer must be neither cumbersome or heavy, nor light or lacking in
Length of body / Height at withers : Square build, which means that the
horizontal line of the back is perpendicular to the vertical line passing
through the point of shoulder and to the other vertical line passing through the
point of buttock, thus defining a square outline.
b) Depth of brisket / Height at withers : The chest
reaches to the elbows. Depth of chest is half the height at withers.
c) Length of nose bridge / Length of head : Length of
nose bridge in relation to skull should be 1 : 2 (measured from tip of nose to
inner corner of eye or, respectively, inner corner of eye to occiput).
The Boxer should be fearless self-confident, calm and equable. Temperament is of the utmost importance and requires careful
attention. Devotion and loyalty
towards his master and his entire household, his watchfulness and self-assured
courage as a defender are famous. He
is harmless with his family but distrustful of strangers.
Happy and friendly in play, yet fearless in a serious situation.
Easy to train on account of his willingness to obey, his pluck and
courage, natural keenness and scent capability.
Undemanding and clean, he is just as agreeable and appreciated in the
family circle as he is as a guard, companion
and working dog. His character is
trustworthy, with no guile or cunning, even in old age.
HEAD : This gives the Boxer his
characteristic look. Must be in
good proportion to the body and appear neither too light nor too heavy.
Muzzle should be as broad and powerful as possible.
The harmony of the head depends on the balance between muzzle and skull. From whichever direction the head is viewed, from front above
or sideways, the muzzle must always be in the right proportion to the skull i.e.
it must never appear too small. It
should be clean, not showing any wrinkle. However
natural folds are formed in the cranial region when alerted.
From root of nose, folds are always indicated running in a downward
direction on both sides. The dark
mask is confined to the muzzle and must be in sharp contrast to the colour of
the head so that the face does not appear sombre.
CRANIAL REGION :
Skull : The cranial region should be as lean and angular as possible.
It is slightly arched, neither round and short nor flat; neither should
it be too broad. Occiput not too pronounced.
Furrow in forehead only slightly marked, must not be too deep, especially
between the eyes.
Stop : The forehead forms a distinct stop towards bridge of nose.
Bridge of nose must not be forced back into the forehead as in the
Bulldog, nor should it be downfaced.
FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Nose is broad and black and only slightly turned up with wide nostrils.
Tip of nose is placed slightly higher than root of nose.
Muzzle : The muzzle is powerfully developed in three dimensional volume,
neither pointed or narrow, nor short or shallow. Its appearance is influenced by :
a) Shape of jaw. b) Position of canine teeth. c) Shape
of lips. The canines must be placed
as far apart as possible and must be of good length, making the front of the
muzzle broad, almost square and forming a blunt angle with bridge of nose.
In front, the edge of the upper lip rests on the edge
of the lower lip. The part of the
lower jaw with lower lip curved upwards, called the chin, must not markedly
protrude over upper lip, seen from front. Nor
should it be hidden by the lip but should be well defined from front and side.
The canines and incisors of the lower jaw must not be
visible when mouth is closed, neither should the tongue show.
Median groove in the upper lip (philtrum) is clearly visible.
Lips : The lips complete the
shape of the muzzle. The upper lip
is thick and padded and fills the space formed by the undershot lower jaw; it is
supported by the lower canines.
Jaws/Teeth : The lower jaw exceeds the upper jaw and is slightly
curved upwards. The Boxer is
undershot. The upper jaw is broad
where it joins the cranial region, tapering only slightly towards the front.
The teeth are strong and healthy. The
incisors are as even as possible, set in a straight line.
Canines wide apart and of good size.
Cheeks : Cheeks are developed in proportion with the strong jaws without
markedly bulging. They merge with
the muzzle in a slight curve.
Eyes : The dark eyes are neither too small nor protruding or deep set.
Their expression conveys energy and intelligence and must not be
threatening or piercing. Eye rims must be dark.
Ears : The natural ears are of appropriate size. They are set on wide apart
on highest part of skull. In repose
they lie close to the cheeks and turn forward with a definite crease especially
when the dog is alert.
NECK : Topline runs in an elegant arch from the clearly
marked nape to the withers. It
should be of ample length, round, strong and muscular.
BODY : Square body resting on sturdy straight legs.
Withers : Should be marked.
Back : Including loin should be short, firm, straight, broad and muscular.
Croup : Slightly sloping, broad
and only slightly arched. Pelvis
should be long and broad, especially in bitches.
Chest : Deep, reaching to elbows. Depth
of chest is half the height at withers. Well formed forechest. Ribs well sprung but not barrel-shaped,
extending well to the rear.
Underline : Running towards rear in elegant line. Short taut flanks slightly tucked up.
TAIL : Set on high rather than low.
Tail is left natural.
FOREQUARTERS : Front legs seen from front must stand parallel and
have strong bone.
Shoulders : Long and sloping, connected firmly to body. Should not be too loaded.
Upper arm : Long, making a right angle to shoulder blade.
Elbows : Neither too close to side of chest nor turned out.
Forearm : Vertical, long, clean muscles.
Carpus (wrist) : Strong, well defined, but not exaggerated.
Metacarpus (Pastern) : Short, almost perpendicular to ground.
Front feet : Small, round, tight, well cushioned and hard pads.
HINDQUARTERS : Very muscular, the muscles brick hard and visible
under the skin.
Hindlegs : Seen from rear straight.
Thigh : Long and broad. Angles of
hip and knee are open but as little as possible.
Knee (Stifle) : When dog is standing, should reach so far forward
that it would touch a vertical line from point of hip to ground.
Lower thigh : Very muscular.
Hock : Strong and well defined but not exaggerated.
Angle approximately 140 degrees.
Metatarsus (Rear Pastern) : Short with slight inclination, 95-100 degrees to the
Hind feet : Slightly longer than front feet, tight; well cushioned and hard pads.
Lively, full of strength and nobility.
SKY : Dry, elastic without any wrinkles.
HAIR : Short, hard, glossy and close
COLOUR : Fawn or brindle : Fawn
comes in various shades from light fawn to dark deer red but the most attractive
shades are in the middle range (red fawn).
Black mask. The brindle variety : fawn background of varying shades has
dark or black stripes running parallel to ribs. Stripes must contrast distinctly to ground colour.
White markings should not be discarded.
They can be quite pleasant.
Height at the withers : Dogs
Weight : Dogs : over
30 kg when height at withers is ca 60 cm.
Bitches : about 25 kg when height at withers is ca 56 cm.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the
seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact
proportion to its degree.
uncropped ears : Flapping, half erect or erect ears, rose ears.
Wry jaw, slanting teeth, incorrect position of teeth,
poorly developed teeth and unsound teeth due to illness.
loin, croup falling away. Narrow
pelvis, hollow flanks, pendulous belly.
ground colour. Mingled colours.
Unattractive white markings such as a whole white head or white on one
side of the head. Other colours and
white markings exceeding one third of the ground colour.
N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal
testicles fully descended into the scrotum.